Starting Strength Weekly Report

April 17, 2017

Training Log
Starting Strength Channel
  • Ask Rip #45 – Rip answers questions regarding ongoing learning for professional strength coaches, why the SSC evaluation is so difficult, and foam rolling vs. SMR.
From the Coaches

In the Trenches

chris kim press set up
Chris Kim sets up to press 77 kg for his second attempt attempt at the 2017 Starting Strength Challenge. He went three for three on the press and got 80 kg overhead. [photo courtesy of Tom Campitelli]

Best of the Week

Why We Don’t Use Mirrors to Evaluate our Own Lifts
Michael Wolf

Almost everyone familiar with Starting Strength and our coaching style knows we don't like using mirrors for feedback on the lifts, but this concept is often hard to get across to people new to training, who aren't familiar with the complicated, multi-joint and balance-dependent nature of barbell training. It also, occasionally, rubs up against people who do barbell training but still like to use a mirror.

Recently, a very nice and well-intentioned olympic lifter and coach has started training and coaching people at my gym. He's a pretty good lifter himself (180 C&J at 105kg), who has done programming for the Kazakh team, including some work with Ilya Ilyin, apparently. He brought his own full-length mirror, which I was really surprised by. I have no idea if this is common among former soviet bloc countries lifting teams, I don't recall seeing it before, but I was surprised at first. The thing that's surprised me more is that now - since he's the best olympic lifter at the gym AND has worked with international and even medal winning athletes - lots of our regular gym rat olympic lifters now want to use the mirror too.

This all caused me to reevaluate and sharpen up my own reasons on why I don't like mirrors for this purpose and why I still think they're generally a bad idea.

The main thing that annoyed me about it, actually, was the negative externality that him setting up the mirror had on everyone else who didn't want to use it. The lifting platform is a single strip of plywood about 60 feet long, with noise absorbing rubber on either side, not individual platforms. So when he places the mirror up at the front where he's lifting, everyone behind on the platform is forced to be lifting while seeing the mirror, whether they want to or not. At first I told him to put it away when I was there, which he did, but by a month or two later, enough of the staff and regular lifters were using it to copycat the best guy in the gym, that my lone voice wasn't really going to win that battle anymore.

But what about the actual reasons we don't use the mirror. Was I being grumpy and stodgy in my outlook? I don't think so, and I clarified to myself one of the main reasons we don't use it. Just posted on Facebook, the following:

One of the main reasons not to use/look at a mirror while performing a lift can be summed up by what Václav Havel once wrote to the general secretary of the Czechoslovak Communist Party in a totally different context: "By trying to imitate the real world that has already changed before our imitation can be constructed, we end up falsifying the real world." By the time you see what happened, process it, and are in a position to change/react to it, it's already too late and you're in a different part of the movement, for which your correction is no longer relevant and may even be counterproductive. To get good at a movement, you must learn to feel what your body is doing in space. This can be done via coach's feedback during and after the set, and/or correlating what you felt with watching yourself in a video after the set and making necessary adjustments. A mirror could theoretically be used to feel out a static position, but this embeds the habit of relying on the mirror instead of learning to feel where your body is in space, which is ultimately what you need to do.

There are other issues, too, namely that often to see the angle you need to see, you have to look sideways or at an awkward angle at the mirror. But even if we ignore those other issues, the fundamental point is, I think, the one I posted about. By the time you'd make the correction that the mirror (theoretically) showed you that you should make, it's already too late. And then you learn to depend on the mirror for this instead of feeling it yourself. The only way to get good at a movement is to learn to feel where you are in space, and get progressively better at making yourself adhere to the model of where you should be, vs where you are now.

This doesn't mean it's not fun to check out your sweet pump in a mirror, or that looking at a mirror will ruin your lifts, or that it can't possibly ever be useful for very targeted specific things. But as a general point of learning the lift and getting the gross patterns right, I think our position is correct.


In addition to this, when using a mirror, we're looking at a moving object. It is easier to keep your balance and know where you are in space when the object you're looking at is NOT moving. You need a static reference point.


I like the way you've abstracted out the principle at play here, and I agree that real time correction using a mirror while lifting is probably foolish. But what about inter-rep correction? One could argue that by having access to visual information during a rep, you can use the this information to assess form (to the degree that the reflected image allows accurate assessment of form), and then use this information to plan changes for your next rep, and see the result in this next rep.

And an astute student will also pay attention to the proprioceptive information too. In fact, the argument could be extended to include the fact that having visual and proprioceptive information simultaneously can allow the lifter to calibrate his perception of what "correct" feels like.

Michael Wolf

My experience as both a lifter and coach has been that having that information simultaneously is more sensory overload than helpful, is too much stuff to process at once, and is actually counterproductive.

One of the few places I think a mirror could be helpful – not necessary, but helpful - would be someone who has a lot of trouble understanding how to actually get into a position. Looking at a mirror, if it can be placed at the proper angle to see what needs to be seen while holding position still/isometrically, or moving REALLY slowly through a troublesome ROM (both with no or only very, very, light weight) might help someone understand where their body actually is vs where they think it is, and then adjust accordingly.

Usually this isn't necessary - a coach's verbal, visual, and tactile cues and/or a video taken at the proper angle and watched afterwards can do the same thing, without becoming reliant on a tool that is more counterproductive than productive in most other contexts. But that's one place where, theoretically, it could be used, But I don't think while moving, or at least not while moving at actual movement speed with any kind of actual weight.

Best of the Forum

Infraspinatus and main lifts

I wanted to ask you about the role of the infraspinatus in the main lifts, specifically in the bench press and press, and in auxiliary ex. like dips. Is it just stability?

The nervous insertions of my left infraspinatus are damaged, due to an accident. Accordingly the infraspinatus is atrophied. I notice it especially doing external rotation, so I was wondering about how it would affect the movements above mentioned. Currently I'm already microloading on the Press @ 119 lbs for fives. For what it's worth I'm 5'8"/5'9", 189 lbs; Squat currently 297 lbs for fives moving up to previous max at 330 lbs.

Mark Rippetoe

Since these muscles are all active, but not actively producing external rotation, they will fire, get work, and be assisted by the prime movers in the exercises. If there is neuro damage, the ability to recruit them will be compromised, but an isolation exercise 1.) won't make them fire either, 2.) is not the way they are normally used anyway, and 3.) does not allow the bigger muscles to help while function returns with the slowly-healing nerve.


Does it basically means that I have a small lack of contribution on the left side due to the injury, which should be compensated by the main movers by keep'on getting under the bar? Do you have any recommendation regarding programming or compound auxiliary exercises that could benefit from it or just stick to bench press and press?

Mark Rippetoe

Just do the major exercises the way the program describes, and balance will ensue.

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